Teeth are important in the human being’s
whole body. Teeth are used for mastication,
or breaking down the food we ingest into small
bits for the nutrients to be absorbed by the
body. These nutrients, vitamins will then be
converted into energy that the body needs to
Knowing how important teeth are, it is then
essential to maintain their purpose and function
by good dental hygiene.
Commercial advertisements are there for a
valid reason. They give enough evidence to
prove that proper tooth brushing techniques
and procedures, and pastes that use the right
formulations and rinsing methods are ways to
prevent tooth decay and caries.
It is advised that brushing twice a day is
important for caries prevention especially
with the last brushing done after meals at
Fluoride is for teeth strength and thus a
major ingredient in dental paste and mouthwashes.
Fluoride effectiveness is also dependent on
frequency, concentration, and rinsing practice.
It has been proven by studies and research
that the higher the fluoride concentration
the better is the protection against caries.
The appropriate concentration of fluoride varies
as it depends on the person’s caries
Adult fluoride concentrations are higher than
that required in children. Low concentrations
are recommended for children because they tend
to ingest the fluoride, which can cause Fluorisis.
The fluoride effect is reduced if rinsing vigorously
is done with large volumes of water. Therefore,
rinsing should be done with only a little
Fluoride is used in toothpaste and in some
dental treatments for the prevention of tooth
decay. It works very well as a decay prevnetion
treatment. However, swallowing fluoride in
large amounts is toxic. Some people have become
very concerend about the toxic effects of fluoride
in toothpaste and in some sources of drinking
water. Children should be taught and encouraged
to spit out
fluoride from toothpaste and in the dental
office children should not be left alone with
dnetal treatments containing fluoride.
Preventing tooth decay
Studies and research has shown that a class
of sugar is mainly responsible for tooth decay
and caries. Non-milk extrinsic sugar or NMES
is a class of sugar which is present in food
products such as table sugar and soft drinks.
These high suger content products are the main
culprits in tooth decay and cavities.
A decrease in the consumption of foods rich
in NMES therefore greatly affects tooth decay
prevention. But diet modification is needed
to achieve this. This will not be an easy task
for the majority of the public since it involves
changing eating habits.
A population based dietary
intervention approach suggests that, given
the right support, sugar consumption will be
interventions should not result in consumption
of foods such as saturated fats instead, which
will affect the entire health of people. Substitute
for the NMES-rich food must be offered and
made available. Family support
and peer groups are important in changing diet
with a view to improving dental health.
For well functioning and strong teeth, good
dental hygiene is important. Medical providers,
specifically dentists, have the responsibility
for educating and distributing information
on proper procedure and advantages of good